Anti-Brexit Tory rebels join forces with Labour: Brexit News for Thursday 10 January

Anti-Brexit Tory rebels join forces with Labour: Brexit News for Thursday 10 January
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Anti-Brexit Tory rebels join forces with Labour…

Theresa May’s Brexit strategy was in tatters last night after Tory Remainer rebels opened talks with Labour over an alternative to her deal. The prime minister suffered another Commons defeat yesterday and will now be forced to produce a plan B within three days of Tuesday’s meaningful vote, which she is expected to lose. It also emerged last night that Mrs May was holding her own private meetings with Labour MPs to try to secure their backing. John Bercow, the Speaker, outraged ministers by overruling advice from officials in order to help an alliance of rebel Tories and opposition MPs to inflict the defeat, the second for the government in 24 hours. A cabinet source said Mr Bercow’s actions meant that the relationship between the government and the Speaker was “beyond breaking point, it is broken”. Mrs May had hoped to force MPs to choose between her deal and no deal as the March 29 Brexit deadline approaches. That strategy has been dismantled by MPs who voted on Monday to restrict the Treasury’s powers to levy taxes after a no-deal Brexit, and yesterday to reduce the timetable for the prime minister to spell out her “next steps”. The result is that January 28 is now the latest date by which MPs will be able to start instructing the government on how — or even whether — to achieve Brexit. – The Times (£)

  • Theresa May suffers Commons defeat over Brexit plan B – Guardian

…as John Bercow breaks precedent to hand control of parliamentary process from Government to MPs…

John Bercow seized control of the Brexit process from Theresa May and handed it to MPs as the Prime Minister suffered her second humiliating Commons defeat in as many days. The Speaker ignored legal advice, and Parliamentary precedent, to allow a vote that gives Mrs May just three days to present a Plan B for Brexit if she loses the “meaningful vote” on her deal next Tuesday. MPs voted by 308-297 for an amendment that was tabled by Tory arch-rebel Dominic Grieve and backed by 16 other Conservatives, including former ministers Sir Oliver Letwin, Justine Greening and Ken Clarke. More worryingly for Mrs May, the result means that a vote on any Plan B presented by her will be amendable, meaning Tory rebels and Labour could effectively take Brexit out of her hands by holding a series of votes – with the Speaker’s help – to dictate what she should do next. Labour’s shadow Brexit secretary Sir Keir Starmer gave a flavour of what his party might try to force on the Prime Minister when he said it “may well be inevitable” that Article 50 will have to be extended. Mr Bercow’s decision to allow Wednesday’s vote – which ministers had thought was impossible – caused uproar on the Government benches and prompted accusations that the Speaker was trying personally to “stop Brexit”. – Telegraph (£)

  • Second Commons defeat for May after Bercow breaks with tradition – The Times (£)

…leaving ministers to plot their revenge on the Speaker amid growing outrage

Senior government figures plotted revenge on John Bercow while clerks declared the Speaker “patently out of order” after he rejected their advice on a pivotal Brexit ruling yesterday. Mr Bercow ignored the counsel of Sir David Natzler, the clerk of the House, when he tore up precedent to allow MPs to vote to force the government’s hand on the Brexit timetable. Mr Bercow stunned ministers by allowing amendments to a business motion that set out the government’s Commons timetable for Brexit. The government believed that decades of convention would ensure that the motion was not amendable, in line with the advice of the clerks. One official said: “I would say it is patently out of order but the Speaker’s word is law. By definition if he says it’s in order, it’s in order.The magic words ‘it’s a decision for the Speaker’ cover all sins.” Another said: “It is hard to read the original motion and think that amendments are permissible.” – The Times (£)

  • Tory MPs plot how to dock John Bercow’s salary or pension in revenge for selecting Grieve amendment – Telegraph (£)

Theresa May considering move on workers’ rights to win support for her deal

Theresa May is considering backing calls by Labour MPs to safeguard workers’ rights after Brexit in order to try to get her controversial EU withdrawal deal through the Commons. With time running out for the Prime Minister to shore up support for her controversial exit plan, Government sources said supporting an opposition bid to enshrine EU standards was being considered. The amendment would keep EU rules on pay and conditions, health and safety issues, plus environmental standards. The move came after Mrs May suffered another embarrassing Commons defeat on her EU withdrawal agenda. MPs insisted that if the PM’s deal is voted down next Tuesday, she must set out a “Plan B” to Parliament within three sitting days. The controversial decision by Commons Speaker John Bercow to allow a vote on the move provoked fury among many Tory MPs and led to calls for his resignation. Labour MP John Mann, one of the people behind the amendment on workers’ rights, said Government backing for the proposal could make the PM’s plan “more attractive”. – Telegraph (£)

  • Desperate Theresa May caves in on workers’ rights to save Brexit deal – Mirror

Lorries will run smoothly across the Channel even in the event of a no-deal Brexit, says Calais chief…

Lorries will run smoothly across the Channel even in the event of a no deal Brexit, the deputy mayor of Calais has insisted. Jean-Marc Puissesseau, who is also the chief executive of Calais port, said the UK Government’s warnings over a crisis at the border are “shocking” and “disrespectful”. Speaking on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme, he repeatedly said Calais “will be ready for no deal” after preparing and updating its systems for a year and developing the necessary infrastructure. Warnings of traffic jams and delays are “wrong” and “not true”, Mr Puissesseau said, adding France will not carry out extra checks on goods crossing the Channel. “We will not check the trucks more than we are doing today, with the migrants,” he said. “We will only be asking of the drivers that they have their customs declarations, but we will not stop or ask more than we are doing today.” He singled out Transport Secretary Chris Grayling’s decision to pay millions of pounds to ferry services from alternative ports to ease pressure on the Dover-Calais route as a “complete shock”. – Telegraph (£)

…as the French port boss furiously dismantles Project Fear

The chief of Calais port has passionately quashed fears that a no-deal Brexit would slow traffic at the pivotal crossing point between the UK and France, insisting “there will be no delay”. Mr Jean-Marc Puissesseau made the remarks on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme this morning. He said: “We have heard so many things about a hard Brexit. We have been preparing for no-deal for a year in Calais. “For the 29th March, we will be ready. When the transport minister came to Calais, we told him we would be ready. We will not check trucks more than we are today with the migrants. The only thing we will be asking for is the customs declaration but we will not stop or ask more than we are doing today.” Prominent Tory MP and Brexiteer Andrew Bridgen took to Twitter to exclaim his delight, saying: “Calais port deputy Mayor offers Remainers an inconvenient truth!” – Express

DUP slams government attempts to reassure them over Brexit backstop

The Democratic Unionist Party yesterday emphatically rejected attempts to reassure them over the Irish backstop, dismissing a set of new Government pledges on the issue as “cosmetic and meaningless”. The crushing response came after the publication of a Government paper setting out nine “commitments” to Northern Ireland designed to reinforce its “integral” place in the United Kingdom if the backstop ever kicked in. It was hoped that the 13-page paper might assuage DUP anger over the backstop which leaves Northern Ireland in a separate arrangement with the European Union, putting up potential barriers to trade across the Irish Sea. The Government promises included a headline pledge to give the Northern Ireland Assembly a “lock” on whether to accept any new EU laws or regulations if the ‘backstop’ kicked in at the end of the planned transition period. It also promised to give the Assembly an advisory vote on whether to trigger the backstop or extend transition when the decision point arrived in December 2020, although conceded that such a vote could not bind the hands of Westminster MPs. – Telegraph (£)

Sir Keir Starmer warns a second referendum may be the only way to prevent a no-deal Brexit…

The shadow Brexit secretary has warned Jeremy Corbyn that a second referendum may now be the only viable option to prevent a no-deal exit from the European Union. The Times understands that Sir Keir Starmer has told the Labour leader that with less than three months to go before leaving the EU the party’s options are limited and it has an obligation not to allow the government to run down the clock on a no-deal Brexit. In a speech today Mr Corbyn will insist that it is still possible for Labour to negotiate a better deal with Brussels and will restate his call for a general election. Yesterday Sir Keir said for the first time that extending Article 50 “may well be inevitable” despite an insistence by his leader’s office that this was not party policy. Sir Keir is believed to have argued that an extension to Article 50 to hold a second referendum could be the only realistic mechanism to prevent no-deal. EU figures have repeatedly said that a limited extension would only be granted either to ratify the existing deal, hold a second referendum or call a general election. – The Times (£)

…while Jeremy Corbyn demands an election if May loses next week’s vote

Jeremy Corbyn will call a vote of no confidence in Theresa May’s government if the prime minister’s Brexit deal is defeated in the House of Commons next week, Labour said on Wednesday. If successful, such a motion could lead to a general election. But if it fails, it could induce Mr Corbyn to back another Brexit referendum — a course of action the Labour leader is unenthusiastic about. Partly owing to such misgivings, Mr Corbyn resisted calling a confidence vote in the government last month, despite pressure from other opposition parties and his own MPs to do so. But Barry Gardiner, shadow trade secretary, told the BBC that the party would proceed with such a motion if Mrs May’s deal is, as expected, defeated in Tuesday’s vote. “We have said that we will bring forward a vote of no confidence in the government when they lose their vote,” he said. – FT (£)

  • Corbyn to again call for general election to break Brexit deadlock – Guardian

EU presses on with Brexit deal ratification as chaos reigns in Westminster

EU ambassadors have moved to ensure the Brexit agreement can be sent to the European Parliament for a crucial vote as soon as Theresa May’s deal is approved by the House of Commons. “We are working to make sure that the Brexit agreement is ready to go to MEPs the day after the Brexit deal gets through Westminster,” an EU diplomat told The Telegraph, “if it gets through”. EU-27 senior diplomats met in Brussels on Wednesday to discuss the steps needed to finalise the ratification of the deal on the European side. “Their intention is to launch a written procedure that should be finalised by close of business on Friday,” a second EU diplomat said. The written procedure is a legal instruction that will allow the EU-27 to send the Brexit deal to the European Parliament once the British have approved the agreement. The deal was endorsed by EU-27 leaders at a summit in December last year. MEPs will have the final vote on the agreement, which is expected to happen in March before the Brexit deadline on the 29th of that month. If it is backed, as expected, it will be signed off by EU-27 governments. – Telegraph (£)

Archbishop of Canterbury says second Brexit vote may be needed and brands no-deal a ‘moral’ failure

The Archbishop of Canterbury has said a second referendum may be necessary as he warned a no-deal Brexit would be a “political, practical and moral failure”. The Most Rev Justin Welby told the Lords that if Parliament fails to back a deal with Brussels it will have shown itself to be “unfit for the job”. He warned that a no-deal Brexit could hit the “poorest and most vulnerable” communities the hardest and said warnings about huge queues of lorries at Dover are not “Project Fear”. He said that MPs have a”duty to build a compromise”, even if it is “unwelcome to some. If not there will be, by default, a no deal Brexit,” he said. “That outcome would be not only a political and practical failure, but a moral one equally as serious as ignoring the result of the referendum entirely. A second referendum is not my preference, but if Parliament fails in the task entrusted to it, then regrettably it may be required. This is about more than Brexit, and Parliament must not show itself unfit for the job.” – Telegraph (£)

Coalition of Brexit groups urge May to abandon ‘shoddy’ Brexit deal

Trading on international rules after March 29 instead of signing off the divorce deal on offer from Brussels would put an end to the uncertainty blighting the country and stop £39 billion being needlessly given away, the alliance said. In an open letter to the Prime Minister and every MP, cross-party campaigns including Leave Means Leave, Labour Leave and Economists for Free Trade, said the withdrawal agreement on offer was a “shoddy political compromise”. They insisted leaving on world trade rules would allow the UK to take back control of laws, borders and trade. “Britain will receive a vast and immediate Brexit dividend, starting with the unnecessary £39 billion ‘divorce’ payment and the saving of further annual contributions,” the letter states. “This dividend will improve family living standards through growth in GDP, lower food and clothing prices, the benefits of deregulation and new export markets in the rapidly growing economies outside the EU. It will also fund investment in our defence forces, NHS, education and police, and in our industrial policy,” they wrote. – Express

Rolls-Royce commits future to UK after Brexit, saying the brand ‘belongs to Britain’

Rolls-Royce has committed its future to Britain in a major boost for the UK’s car manufacturing industry after Brexit. Chief executive Torsten Muller-Otvos said the marque “belongs to Britain” and the luxury cars would continue to be built at its plant in Goodwood, regardless of the type of deal struck with the European Union. The announcement comes as the company unveiled record sales. Mr Muller-Otvos roundly rejected the prospect of moving production abroad, saying the idea is a “complete no-go for me”. – Express

British beef and lamb will be sold in Japan after a 23-year trade ban is scrapped in £127m boost for UK farmers

British beef and lamb will be sold in Japan after a 23 year trade ban is finally scrapped. The breakthrough, worth £127million to British farmers over the next five years, is announced as Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe meets Theresa May in Downing Street. The ban was put in place after the Mad Cow disease outbreak in 1996. Health officials in Japan said after discussions and inspections imports would be able to restart. Trade Secretary Dr Liam Fox welcomed the ditching of the ban saying it would boost farmers and food producers right across the UK. He said: “It is great news that British beef and lamb will be available on supermarket shelves and restaurant menus for the first time in more than 20 years. The UK and Japan are among the strongest champions of free trade and we look forward to an even closer trading relationship as we leave the European Union.” Shinzo Abe is also expected to urge Theresa May to avoid a no-deal Brexit in talks at Downing Street. – The Sun

Nick Timothy: The Prime Minister won’t willingly take us out of the EU without a deal

In a week when Brexit became a movie, events in Parliament have resembled a favourite Hollywood cliché: the Mexican stand-off. Theresa May’s metaphorical gun is aimed at the MPs who back a second referendum. Whose guns are pointed at the no‑dealers. Whose guns are trained on supporters of Norway-plus. Whose guns are aimed at Jeremy Corbyn. Whose gun is pointed at Theresa May. Like in the movies, nobody wants to drop their weapon, yet nobody is prepared to pull the trigger. Everybody says they’re ready to shoot. And everybody is starting to get twitchy. MPs will vote down the Prime Minister’s deal next week. While Downing Street expected support to grow with time – from Leavers fearing Brexit might not happen, and from Remainers fearing no deal – the opposite has happened. If anything, opinion has hardened against the deal. Everybody who opposes it believes their policy can win the day. So what is going on? No-dealers believe they are in the driving seat. The law says that Britain is leaving the European Union on March 29. The only thing that can stop Brexit – or even prevent a no-deal Brexit – is a change in the law. If they can run down the clock, no-dealers believe, and block changes in the law, then no deal is what we will get. – Nick Timothy for the Telegraph (£)

Rocco Forte: No Deal Brexit is the best deal for Britain as we can lead the world without fear — but Project Fear still keep bombarding us with disaster

Every day we are bombarded with claims that a No Deal Brexit would spell disaster.

But those predicting doom are talking our country into a crisis that is no more real than the one we were told would happen the day after we voted Leave. What we are not being told by the harbingers of doom is that inward investment into the UK in the first half of 2018 was the second highest in the world after China, but ahead of the US and Germany. We are not told that 94 per cent of businesses in this country are not trading in Europe. Only five per cent of GDP is involved in cross-border trade in goods with EU countries and only 12 per cent overall if you include services. The majority of our trade is with the rest of the world. And as this carries on day in, day out, we see no nightmare queues of lorries backed up at our ports. The EU’s high corporate taxes, complex labour laws and tricky legal system make Britain’s low taxes and fair laws very appealing. There are so many reasons to be cheerful about our future outside the European Union. But Remainers are not able to provide any positive arguments for staying in. That is why they scaremonger with Project Fear. They won’t listen to the British people. They want to reverse the result of the referendum by almost any means. – Sir Rocco Forte for The Sun

Greg Clark: Time for Parliament to step up to preserve Britain’s reputation

Since the U.K.’s EU referendum it has been my job as business secretary to work with companies and investors to convince them to keep faith with Britain. In doing so, I always make two main arguments. The first is that Britain’s fundamental attractions are strong and getting stronger. We are an entrepreneurial economy, with world-beating creative and scientific talent and flexible, competitive markets. Through our modern industrial strategy we are building on those strengths — for example with the biggest increase in R&D that Britain has ever had in our history, and a national focus on the technological grand challenges that are sweeping the world and in which Britain enjoys a commanding position. The second is that we are, and always will be, the pragmatic, open, pro-enterprise and dependable nation that the world has always considered us to be. That means, of course, that the U.K. government would always want to secure a cordial relationship with the EU that continues our ability to trade free of tariffs and unnecessary impediments. On the whole, these arguments have proved reassuring. For example, of the five big competitive automotive investments up for grabs since the referendum, we have secured every one. Last month the global life sciences sector committed more than £1 billion of new investment in Britain on the back of our industrial strategy. – Greg Clark MP for Politico

Sherelle Jacobs: If MPs stop Brexit, Middle England could stage its biggest revolt in modern history

Is Britain on the brink of nasty civil conflict? One doesn’t need a particularly keen nose to detect in the air the clenched scent of a storm coming. Parliament is working in contempt of the people by trying to wreck plans for a no-deal Brexit, grisly videos of activists ganging up on MPs are ricocheting on social media, and yellow-vest protests are flaring from Somerset to Central London. But the idea, entertained by an increasing number of Remainers – and threatened by irresponsible Leavers, too – that we knuckle-dragging Brexiteers will plunge the country into France-style riots is nonsense. No smashed windows please, we’re British. Far more likely that, faced with the theft of the Brexit they voted for, the spirited and inventive people of Middle England will find politer ways to make their feelings known. On Tuesday, I spoke with the Leave Means Leave campaigners who have pitched up to wave placards outside Parliament for the next two weeks. There was not a single fluorescent jacket or yob hollering “Nazi” in sight, just an upbeat crowd in brogues and bobble hats sipping overbrewed tea from their paisley-patterned flasks. – Sherelle Jacobs for Telegraph (£)

Allister Heath: Tory Remainers loathe Brexit because they don’t trust themselves to govern

“There is a systems failure in this country and across the West. We are languishing and we are drifting without a purpose”. So begins the final scene of Brexit: the Uncivil War, when Vote Leave’s campaign director Dominic Cummings, played by Benedict Cumberbatch, explains what has gone wrong since the referendum. “What do you do when there is a systems failure?” he asks. “You reset. And that’s all I did. I reset”. Cummings, Matthew Elliott and a few others were the genuises behind the official Brexit campaign: principled, thoughtful, well-read, brilliant men and women who took on the establishment and won. Their plan, honed through previous campaigns to halt the euro, regional assemblies, wasteful spending and the alternative vote, was to tap into latent discontent with the way politics was siphoning power away from voters, “hack the system”, and deliver the greatest upset since the fall of the Berlin Wall. – Allister Heath for the Telegraph (£)

Shanker Singham: Britain should not fear crashing out of the EU on WTO terms

Clearly a free trade agreement with the EU is optimal, but leaving on World Trade Organization terms should not hold terrors for the UK ( January 7). If the UK leaves the EU without an FTA, it does so as a member of the most robust community of trading nations. There is no challenge to the various concluded rounds of liberalisation that began in 1947, and the UK would, as all WTO members do, benefit from the considerable progress that has been made in trade liberalisation in the last 70 years or so. More to the point, the fact that progress on multilateral liberalisation has slowed means it is even more important for another G7 liberalising voice such as the UK’s to be heard. The WTO encompasses a series of agreements developed over the last 70 years which comprehensively liberalise the terms of international trade for the majority of countries of the world. There is virtually no other body of black letter law which is enforceable, and which has repeatedly acted successfully to curb the protectionist tendencies of countries. – Shanker Singham for FT (£)

Ross Clark: How scared should we really be of a no deal?

Food shortages, diabetics going without insulin, outbreaks of salmonella and swine flu: a no-deal Brexit has become a dystopia of the imagination that gives even the Old Testament a run for its money. To lend it extra credence, the doomsayers are not muttering men with long white beards but business leaders and figures from respectable-sounding thinktanks. Yet in just 11 weeks’ time, a no-deal Brexit could become a reality. Will we really be impoverished, hungry and living in fear of infectious diseases? Or is it just Project Fear, ratcheted up to a new level by those who see the clock ticking down and have become ever more desperate to persuade the public of the foolishness of its decision to vote for Brexit? Some dismiss the predictions of chaos as mere scaremongering. Yet they are harder to ignore when you look at their provenance. The salmonella and swine flu warning, for example, came not from David Icke but from the normally sober London Port Health Authority — not a body that usually features in the rough and tumble of political debate. So just what is the truth about some of the most-quoted concerns? – Ross Clark for The Spectator

Martin Howe: May’s search for “legal assurances” on the backstop is a charade to change perceptions but not substance

The Prime Minister is now on the hunt for “legal assurances” from the EU about the Northern Ireland backstop. Her purpose is to persuade the House of Commons, including the DUP, to back her deal. So far, she seems to have got nowhere. But it is quite possible that after some ritualistic tussling, she will come back from Brussels waving a piece of paper that she claims is a “legal assurance”, and will ask MPs to modify their opposition to her deal. It is vital to understand what the problem is. The problem is what happens if there is deadlock in negotiations. That problem will not be solved, or even meaningfully mitigated, even if Mrs May were to come back from Brussels with 100% of what she is asking for. Regrettably, the entire exercise in which she and her “negotiator” (a reference to his job title rather than his capabilities) are engaged is not intended to change the deal she has agreed, but only the perception of it. Mrs May’s exercise will cloud the real issue by seeking to divert the debate on to arcane and recondite questions about the precise legal status of “interpretative agreements” about treaties, or of minutes of the European Council. No such instruments can possibly solve the lock-in problem created by the Northern Ireland Protocol which forms part of the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement (WA). – Martin Howe QC for Lawyers for Britain

The Sun: Odious John Bercow’s prejudices are wrecking Brexit and have cost him MPs’ trust

Do Parliament’s sniggering Remainers and their stooge — the abysmal, discredited “Speaker” John Bercow — have any idea how repugnant their shifty wrecking ­tactics are to millions of ­ordinary people? Outside Westminster and the political Twitter bubble, Brits just want Brexit to go ahead on March 29. Not just Leavers. Most Remainers do too. They accepted their referendum defeat with a grace that would shame Tories like Dominic Grieve and Anna Soubry, and most of Labour’s MPs, if they had enough humility to feel it. Yesterday Bercow let the Commons vote, without debate, to force Theresa May to produce a Brexit “Plan B” in three working days if and when her deal is rejected next Tuesday. The aim is to swiftly paint her into a ­corner from which her only escape is the second referendum Remainers optimistically believe would reverse Brexit. Bercow, supposedly the gatekeeper of our ancient Commons procedures, defied his officials’ advice and tore up the rule book to make this happen. Why? Because this supposedly unbiased Speaker deludes himself, like the Remain diehards whose dirty work he enables, that he is the dashing hero of a noble anti-Brexit ­insurgency (instead of the sweaty, self-important gnome of reality). – The Sun says

Telegraph: If Parliament wants to take over Brexit, MPs need to decide what they want

Another day, another Government defeat. Not since the Labour government of James Callaghan in the 1970s has an administration lost so many votes in parliament as Theresa May’s. The last time the tax-raising powers in the Budget were amended, as happened on Tuesday night, was in 1978. It is no coincidence that such setbacks were inflicted on minority governments. Callaghan’s premiership ended when he lost a vote of confidence – the only time since the Second World War that a government has been brought down in this way. Might Mrs May now face the same fate? Hot on the heels of the Budget defeat came another when an amendment tabled by Dominic Grieve, the Tory MP for Beaconsfield, was passed by the House against the wishes of the Government and in breach of normal parliamentary procedure. John Bercow, the Speaker – and ardent anti-Brexiteer – infuriated ministers by accepting the amendment for a vote which they then lost. This has led Tory Brexiteers to question the Speaker’s impartiality, not least because he reportedly overruled legal advice from his clerks. In these febrile times, the last thing that is needed is a supposedly unbiased referee openly seen to be the supporter of one side against the other. – Telegraph (£)


Brexit in Brief

  • John Bercow sent Brexiteers into meltdown… and seemed to enjoy every minute – Michael Deacon for the Telegraph (£)
  • The two problems with Dominic Grieve’s Brexit amendment – James Forsyth for The Spectator
  • Even if Parliament ‘takes control’ of Brexit, it will still have to choose – John Rentoul for the Independent
  • Trading under WTO rules – John Redwood’s Diary
  • Can Parliament stop a no-deal Brexit? – The Sun
  • May will ‘give everything she’s got’ to get Brexit plan through, says Leadsom – ITV News
  • Italy and Poland discuss uniting to form an anti-EU alliance and lead a ‘European spring’ to replace the ‘French-German axis’ – Daily Mail
  • The 17 Conservative MPs who voted for the Grieve’s amendment – ConservativeHome
  • Legal executives call for parity with solicitors and barristers in Europe – The Times (£)